References to the Dead Sea have appeared in many different books in the bible. King David used the Dead Sea as a place of refuge. It also appeared in Greek and Arabic texts and is considered one of the first health spas for its nourishing and body replenishing powers.
The Dead Sea is located in the Jordan Rift Valley between Israel on the west bank and Jordan on the east bank is also referred to as the salt sea. At 33.7% salinity, it is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. Compared to the ocean, the Dead Sea is 8.6 times saltier. Due to heavy amounts of salinity, swimming in the Dead Sea is similar to floating in normal water. In addition, the high salinity levels create an environment not conducive for animal and fish to grow and survive. The Jordan River is the main tributary to the Dead Sea.
At its longest point, the Dead Sea is 41 miles long and 11 miles wide at it widest point. It is considered to be an Endorheic Hypersaline body of water. The Dead Sea covers a total of 16,080 square miles. The deepest part of the Dead Sea is 1,237 feet deep, making it the deepest Hypersaline lake in the world. In addition, it is also 1,388 feet below sea level. Approximately 4 inches of rain fall in the Dead Sea region each year. 1.2 million people travel to Israel each year to visit the Dead Sea.
The Dead Sea also is used for production of bath salts, makeups and other health remedies. At the southern area of the lake, Sea Salts are extracted for manufacturing in cosmetics. The beaches located at the northern end of the lake, form a spa like atmosphere for visitors to the Dead Sea. The combination of salt and minerals mix with the black mud from the Dead Sea. People cover their skins with the black mud and the body absorbs the minerals, which promotes healthy skin. In addition, bromide in the air is also essential in promoting a healthy body. The air also has a very pollen and allergen count allowing allergy sufferers to breath easy in and around the Dead Sea.
quick facts & Figures
Lenght: 41 miles
Width: 11 miles
Depth: 1,237 feet
Below Sea Level: 1,388 feet
Saline Level: 33.7%
8.6 times saltier than the ocean
Annual Visitors: 1,200,000